For the most part, some contracts can replace ownership by granting control (by power) and rights over all income and property (through service agreements). The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recognizes this and has regulated the practice. In private companies, for a number of reasons, an economic beneficiary cannot want his name as a shareholder of the protocol. As long as tax and other laws are followed, this practice is not illegal in itself. Two anonymity techniques for the economic beneficiary of a ship are the nominee shareholders and the nominee directors. Most definitions of actual beneficiaries are based on ownership thresholds or voting rights. But there are ways to control a business without owning shares. This mandate examines some of these deficiencies and proposes that the authorities address these deficiencies. This command can also be downloaded in PDF format. While the laws of most countries use the definition of the glossary of the financial action group, the process of identifying an economic beneficiary may vary in practice. Based on Recommendation 10 of the Financial Action Task Force (which deals with how financial institutions should apply the duty of care to clients), mechanical testing is often included in rules such as necessity. B to identify any person who directly or indirectly holds interests above a certain threshold as an “eligible owner.” A widely used threshold for determining who is an economic beneficiary is the “over 25 percent” of property or voting rights that we have criticized in previous research and blogs. The definition of actual beneficiaries of trusts generally includes the identification of all parties: Settlor (s), trustee, protector, beneficiaries and categories of beneficiaries, as well as any other person with effective control over the trust.
Freedom of choice would exist only within the limits set. If a legal vehicle intended to exceed these limits, for example. B five teams between the legal vehicle and its actual beneficiaries, it should justify economic needs (which should not be related to secrecy or minimization of the tax). If the authorities have understood the benefits of the more complex structure and have agreed on this point, it should not only be allowed, but also included in the existing regulation, so that all others can use the same structure that would be within the limits set. Essentially, the authorities would only approve what they can manage and understand, like a compliance officer in a bank that authorizes or refuses risky customers. For example, the register of actual beneficiaries would be disclosed through Company A: legal owner, property chain, beneficial owners, administrators, mandated persons and all contracts/transactions/agreements affecting control or ownership (e.g. B, exclusive supplier agreement, share exchange agreement between shareholder A and hedge fund B, which engage as if they were shares of shareholder A). The 2003 OECD report indicates that in some legal systems where the identity of shareholders must be declared, there may be a loophole in which the economic beneficiary can nominate a candidate as a shareholder and that candidate cannot legally be compelled to reveal the identity of the economic beneficiary.
 In most countries, real estate records show the names of property owners. In some cases, an economic beneficiary may not want his or her name posted in public records. In such cases, it is customary for agents or other entities to act as legitimate owners in place of the economic beneficiary. If “control” may be relevant to the search for those responsible who have controlled a legal vehicle (for example. B company) involved in a financial crime, ownership (regardless of threshold) is relevant for other purposes.