Saltanat E Usmania Agreement

In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the re-island to China in 1997, in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was officially ceded to China, which included a series of high-ranking Chinese and British personalities. , the head of the new government in Hong Kong Tung Chee Hwa , has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that retains the role of Hong Kong as a major capitalist center in Asia. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. In the first week of October 1918, the Ottoman government and several Turkish leaders contacted the Allies to preserve the possibilities for peace. Britain, whose troops occupied much of the Ottoman territories at the time, was not prepared to resign for its allies, especially France, which would take control of the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon, in accordance with an agreement reached in 1916. In a move that angered his French counterpart Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his cabinet authorized Admiral Arthur Calthorpe, commander of the British navy in the Aegean Sea, to negotiate an immediate ceasefire with Turkey without consulting France. Although Britain was the only one to provoke the Ottoman exit from the war, the two powerful allies would continue to fight for control of the region at the Paris peace conference and for years. It is possible here to strike a balance between the treaties of Lausanne II and the “Nanjing Treaty” that China ceded to Britain after the First Opium War, by signing the Tchenba Agreement, which is to end the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. The division of the Ottoman Empire began with the Treaty of London (1915) [1] and continued with several agreements, mostly unilateral among the Allies. British troops began occupying the main buildings of the Empire and arresting the nationalists after the establishment of military rule on the night of 15 March 1920. On 18 March 1920, the Ottoman Parliament met and sent a protest to the Allies to say that it was unacceptable to arrest five of its members.

It was the last meeting of the panel, marking the end of the Ottoman political system. Sultan Mehmed VI dissolved the General Assembly of the Ottoman Empire on April 11, 1920. The government of Constantinople, with bureaucracy, but without parliament, was left active with the sultan as a decision maker. [2] Subsequently, the “Lausanne II Conference” was held, the work of which lasted three months and which resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne” signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contracting parties of the consequences of the victorious powers (notably Great Britain, France and Italy). , and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

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