The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the Brexit financial settlement. The other 27 EU member states are ready to allow the UK to postpone its withdrawal (the UK was due to leave the EU on 29 March 2019). If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March at the latest, Brexit will be postponed until 22 May in order to have time to pass the necessary laws. If the British Parliament has not approved the agreement by then, Brexit will be postponed until 12 April. On 22nd October the British Parliament agreed to examine the Brexit legislation. But he decided it needed longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. It is therefore no longer possible to withdraw agreements on the scheduled Brexit date of 31 October. The Brexit deal will only come into force once the Brexit law has been passed by the UK Parliament. The EU27 Member States (with the exception of the United Kingdom) note that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that Phase 2 of the negotiations can begin.
In the second phase, the EU and Britain continue to negotiate the Withdrawal Agreement. But they also begin to discuss a period of transition and explore their future relationship. The British Parliament passes a law obliging the British government to request a postponement of Brexit if there is no agreement with the EU before 19 October 2019. He called on the government to withdraw the bill “by the end of the month,” adding that the withdrawal agreement includes “a number of mechanisms and remedies to address violations of legal obligations contained in the text – for which the European Union will not back down.” On 17 October 2019, the United Kingdom and the EU agreed on the conditions for the United Kingdom`s exit from the EU (Brexit) and on a transitional period until 31 December 2020. The Political Declaration states that the EU-UK agreement on the future relationship is essentially an economic and security partnership. In line with the Political Declaration, the 27 EU Member States met on 25 On 22 February 2020, the European Commission agreed on the negotiating mandate for the European Commission, which negotiates, on behalf of the Member States, the future relationship between the EU and the UK. On this basis, Michel Barnier, the EU`s chief negotiator, presented in mid-March a draft comprehensive agreement on the new partnership with Britain, to which other elements have been added. This and other texts are available on the website of the Task Force for Relations with the United Kingdom. If there is no Brexit deal by then, they should focus again at the end of 2020 on preparations for a chaotic collapse in trade, when the UK`s participation in the EU`s customs union and internal market ends.
EU heads of state and government vote for the Brexit date to be postponed to the 31st If the British and European parliaments approve the withdrawal agreement by then. The transitional period shall end, as provided for in the Withdrawal Agreement. The new relationship between the EU and the UK will start provided that an agreement has been reached and approved by the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the British Parliament. The European Union and the United Kingdom reach a draft withdrawal agreement. . . .