Sindhu River Agreement 1960

Under the leadership of Hon`ble PM Sri @narendramodi ji, our government has decided to stop our share of water that used to flow in Pakistan. We will divert water from the eastern rivers and provide it to our people in Jammu, Kashmir and Punjab. In 1960, India and Pakistan signed a water supply agreement – known as the Indus Water Treaty – orchestrated by the World Bank. Despite opposition to the IWT and its criticism since 1960, the IWT has managed to: Even after three wars (1965, 1971 and 1999), a series of military stalemates (1987, 2001-02, 2008, 2016 and 2019) and several other episodes of political friction between South Asian rivals. Nehru hoped the agreement would bring prosperity and peace to farmers on both sides, friendship and goodwill between India and Pakistan. Unfortunately, this has not been the case, as relations between the two countries remain strained. Each Party shall inform the other Party of the construction projects of engineering works which would concern the other Party and provide data on such works. Annual inspections and data exchange continue unabated by tensions in the subcontinent. The Salal dam was built by mutual agreement between the two countries. [20] The tumultuous project has not been allowed for decades, even after lengthy discussions between India and Pakistan.

[21] In the event of a dispute or disagreement, the Permanent Tribunal of Arbitration (CPA) or a neutral technical expert are called upon to arbitrate. The judgment of the technical expert was followed for the evacuation of the Baglihar power plant and the PCA shutdown was followed for the evacuation of the Kishanganga hydroelectric power plant. [22] [23] [24] Pakistan claims to have breached the contract for the 850 MW Ratle hydroelectric power plant. [25] India has not yet claimed a violation of Article II of the Inland/Inland SC Republic by Pakistan, although Pakistan uses groundwater for various purposes in the ravi and Sutlej pelvic area, before these rivers eventually turn to Pakistan. Pakistan has also implemented river training activities in this manner in order to reduce river flooding in its territory and to aggravate flooding in the Great Rann of Kutch region of India, contrary to article IV, paragraph 3 bis. [26] Pakistan, which is raising disputes and moving closer to the PCA against Indian projects, could lead to the abolition of the internal/inward movement if its provisions are interpreted in detail by the CPA judgments. [27] The treaty gave the waters of the western rivers – Indus, Jhelum and Chenab – to Pakistan and those of the ravi, Beas and Sutlej rivers to India. It also provided for the financing and construction of dams, connecting canals, dams and tube wells, including the Tarbela Dam on the Indus and the Mangla Dam on the Jhelum River. These have helped to provide Pakistan with water in the quantities it had previously received from rivers that are now used exclusively by India.

Much of the financing was provided by World Bank member countries. The Treaty required the creation of a permanent Industrial Committee with a Commissioner from each country in order to maintain a channel of communication and to try to resolve issues relating to the implementation of the Treaty. . . .

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